A surname of Artemis, who was represented as a huntress with her chiton girt up. Others derived the name from the Attic village of Chitone, or from the circumstance of the clothes in which newly-born children were dressed being sacred to her. (Callim. Hymn. in Dian. 225 ; Schol. ad Callim. Hymn. in Jov. 77.) Respecting the festival of the Chitonia celebrated to her at Chitone, see Dict. of Ant. s. v. Chitônla.