EUROPA

ΕΥΡΩΠΗ

The Rape of Europa (detail), by François Boucher (1703-1770), French Rococo painter

The Rape of Europa (detail), by François Boucher

1. According to the Iliad (xiv. 321), a daughter of Phoenix, but according to the common tradition a daughter of Agenor, was carried off by Zeus, who had metamorphosed himself into a bull, from Phoenicia to Crete. She bore him three sons named Minos, Sarpedon and Rhadamanthys. (Apollod. iii. 1. § 1; Mosch. ii. 7; Herod. i. 173; Paus. vii. 4. § 1, ix. 19. § 1; Ov. Met. ii. 839, &c.) After his daughter Europa had been carried off by Zeus, Agenor sent out his sons Cadmus, Phoenix, Cylix, Thasus, and Phineus in search of her, and enjoined them not to return without their sister. As Europa was not to be found, none of them returned, and all settled in foreign countries. (Apollod. iii. 1. § 1; Hygin. Fab. 178.) Europe, as a part of the world, was believed to have received its name from this fabulous Phoenician princess. (Hom. Hymn. in Apoll. 251; Herod. iv. 45.)

2. A daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. (Hes. Theog. 357.)

3. A daughter of Tityus and the mother of Euphemus by Poseidon. (Pind. Pyth. iv. 46,)

4. A surname of Demeter. (Paus. ix. 39. § 4.)

EXTERNAL LINKS

Greek Mythology Link, Europa (No. 1) (Illustrated)

The Rape of Europa, by François Boucher (1703-1770), French Rococo painter

The Rape of Europa, by François Boucher (1703-1770), French Rococo painter