SALACIA

The female divinity of the sea among the Romans, and the wife of Neptune. (Varro, De Ling. Lat. v. 72; ap. August. De Civ. Dei, vii. 22; Serv. ad Aen. i. 144, x. 76.) The name is evidently connected with sal (hals), and accordingly denotes the wide, open sea. Servius (ad Aen. i. 720) declares the name Salacia to be only a surname of Venus, while in another passage (ad Georg. i. 31) he observes, that Cicero, in his Timaeus, applied the name to the Greek Tethys, which we cannot wonder at, since the natural tendency was to identify Salacia with some Greek marine divinity. (Comp. Cic. de Univers. 11 ; Gellius, xiii. 22; August. l. c. iv. 10.)