A Roman surname of Jupiter, describing him as staying the Romans in their flight from an enemy, and generally as preserving the existing order of things. (Liv. i. 12, x. 37; Cic. Cat. i. 13; Flor. i. 1; Senec. De Benef. iv. 7; Plin. H. N. ii. 53; August. De Civ. Dei, iii. 13.)